Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS NGÀY 06/08/2022
The chart illustrates the various steps in the process of making woollen products.
Overall, there are 10 principal stages in this process, beginning with the rearing of sheep and ending with the finished goods.
Firstly, sheep are reared, until they have enough wool on their bodies for the next step – removing the wool, known as shearing. At the third and fourth stages, this wool is cleaned and dried. It is then ready for spinning by machine, after which the wool is almost ready to be made into different products. At this spinning stage, however, some of the product can be used to make string and may be recycled.
From the wool produced at the sixth stage, tufts of wool are manufactured and then stored. Next, the tufted wool is used for spinning into balls of yarn. Finally, these balls of yarn may be used for knitting or for making into woollen goods, such as jackets or carpets.
There are various reasons why people may want to remain in paid work. While I accept that money is an important factor for some, I believe that others remain in the workforce for other reasons
On the one hand, there are some reasons why money is one of the motivations for people to remain in the workforce. One reason is that some simply wish to have an acceptable standard of living, and they need this living wage to support themselves or their families. Thus, even if their salary is low, they could not survive without it. Another reason is that others want to pursue a successful career in order to earn a high salary. For example, employers may offer a pay rise to an ambitious employee who is able to achieve a company sales target. Therefore, money is a major factor in inducing both modest people as well as high-flyers to stay in work.
On the other hand, for the majority of employees, there are other factors which motivate them more strongly to stay in work. Firstly, many people value factors such as job satisfaction as more important than their salary. If a person adores the outdoor life, he or she will not be happy being a stockbroker or a financier, no matter that the salaries for both those jobs are extremely high. Secondly, contributing to the community is another reason to value a job. For instance, Mr Kurt, who has lived in Vietnam for about 20 years, has constructed 6 schools and other facilities for disabled children. He left his job with the Danish Embassy to bring about changes to the lives of youngsters.
In conclusion, I agree that money can be an important factor for employees to stay in the workforce, but this is by no means the key consideration for most people.
Vocabulary from work:
- job satisfaction
Meaning: the good feeling that you get when you have a job that you enjoy
Example: A high salary is not necessarily the most important factor in job satisfaction.
- to pursue a successful career
Meaning: to have a series of jobs in a particular area of work, with more responsibility as time passes
Example: While many people wish to pursue a successful career, for others it is more important to find work which is interesting and enjoyable.
- to concede [verb]:
Meaning: to admit, often unwillingly, that something is true or logical
Example: The President conceded that he had given inaccurate information to the newspapers.
- high-flyer [noun]:
Meaning: a person who has the potential to be very successful in their career
Example: John is a high-flyer and he became a company manager after only five years.
- stockbroker [noun]:
Meaning: a person who buys and sells shares in companies for other people
Example: I sent money to a stockbroker to invest in shares in an oil company.
- to bring about [phrasal verb]:
Meaning: to cause something to happen
Example: The hot weather has brought about large forest fires this summer.