Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 30/05/2020
The bar charts show the percentages of people who lived in UK households in 1981 and 2001, according to the number of people in each household.
Overall, the highest proportion of households comprised either 2 people or 3-4 people. The percentage of households with 1 person or 2 people witnessed a significant rise in 2001.
In 1981, the proportion of single person households was 17%, and this figure saw an increase of 9% by 2001. There was also an increase in the percentage of households with 2 people, rising from 31% to 34% over the period.
In contrast, the figure for households occupied by 3-4 people declined significantly, from 38% in 1981 to 30% in 2001. The proportion of people living in larger households was much smaller, and this figure also fell during the period. However, this decline was gradual, from 8% to 6% for households with 5-6 people, and from 6% to 4% for those with more than 6 occupants.
Written by NgocBach
Education systems vary across the world, with some forcing students to specialise when they reach 15, whereas others encourage a wider range of learning. While both systems have advantages, I firmly believe that school students should acquire a broad education.
On the one hand, if students concentrate on particular subjects at the age of 15, then they will be able to cover a lot of ground in those subject areas. For example, if students at this age study only maths and sciences, they will be able to spend all of their school day on these lessons. They will not have the distraction of studying languages or the arts. They will have a good grasp of their chosen areas of study, and will therefore be well equipped to put the knowledge that they have gained into practice. This system thus improves their job prospects when they leave school.
On the other hand, I favour a system in which students study a wide range of subjects throughout their years at school. I would argue that this system is better for two important reasons. Firstly, a broad education is a preparation for life. Schools must encourage youngsters beyond the age of 15 to be interested in all aspects of life, by exposing them to subjects such as philosophy, literature and history. Secondly, studying a range of subjects until they leave school, students have the chance to develop critical thinking, imagination and creativity. They may start to learn how to express themselves through painting, drama and writing, taking up a musical instrument or singing in a choir at school.
In conclusion, although at 15 students may be better prepared for work by concentrating on only a few subjects, studying a wide range of subjects prepares them for life.
Written by NgocBach
Vocabulary from education:
- to cover a lot of ground
Meaning: to deal with much information and many facts.
Example: The history lecture covered a lot of ground today.
- to have a good grasp of something
Meaning: to understand a problem deeply and completely
Example: Children who begin to learn a foreign language in primary school are usually able to have a good grasp of the new language quickly.
Vocabulary from work:
- to put knowledge gained into practice
Meaning: to put to practical use the knowledge that you have acquired
Example: Vocational training courses enable students to put the knowledge gained during their studies into practice.
- job prospects
Meaning: the chances of being successful and having more opportunities at work
Example: People with qualifications and experience usually have the best job prospects.
Vocabulary from the arts:
- to express oneself
Meaning: to communicate some idea or emotion through speech, writing, painting, music or some other form of art
Example: Schools should encourage pupils to express themselves through art, music or creative writing in order to stimulate their imagination.
- to take up a musical instrument
Meaning: to start to learn to play a musical instrument
Example: Schools should encourage all those children who have an interest to take up a musical instrument.
- to sing in a choir
Meaning: to sing in a group of people, for example in a church or public performance
Example: One way that schools can encourage children to enjoy music is to give them an opportunity to sing in a school choir.
- to force [verb]:
Meaning: to make somebody do something
Example: The dangers of the corona virus forced people to stay at home.
- to acquire [verb]:
Meaning: to obtain something because it is given to you
Example: She acquired a lot of information for her essay on the Internet.
- distraction [noun]:
Meaning: something that takes away your attention from what you are doing
Example: I can’t listen to music when I’m trying to study. It’s a distraction.
- to expose (somebody to something) [verb]:
Meaning: to enable somebody to discover something by giving them experience of it
Example: The teacher exposed the children to the work of Shakespeare by taking them to see one of his plays at the local theatre.