Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 24/04/2021
The pictures illustrate the layout of a farm in 1976 compared with the same farm thirty years later, after it had been converted to an environment centre.
Overall, it is clear that after 2006 there were no animals or crops on this land. Only the original farmhouse remained.
At Bell Hill Farm in 1976 a storage area for farm machinery such as tractors is shown in the top left corner of the diagram. To the right of this on the plan, there was a barn for storing corn and other crops. The storage area was replaced after 2006 by a car park, and multimedia rooms in the environment centre took the place of the barn.
While the road access and the farmhouse remained unchanged, the farmyard behind the farmhouse was converted to a recreation space for the environment centre. Finally, on the right of the diagram, there were cow sheds and chickens at Bell Hill Farm. In 2006, this area was used to build housing for students who attended the environment centre.
Written by NgocBach
While most young people would prefer to be free to choose the job that they would like to do, parents may consider their choices unwise. In today’s economic environment, however, I agree with those who believe that youngsters should make their own work choices.
On the one hand, it is true that young people may be inexperienced judges of how to earn a living independently of their parents. Firstly, they may have a laid-back attitude and they may have no career ambitions. This could mean that they simply drift from job to job, without thinking of pursuing a successful career with promotion opportunities. Secondly, they might have completely unrealistic dreams of becoming sports stars or famous actors. Therefore, jobs which offer glamour, adventure or excitement are likely to appeal to youngsters more than the idea of having a steady job.
On the other hand, I would argue that young people are capable of assessing their own job prospects . They will be attracted to work which will provide enjoyment and job satisfaction. In contrast, parents will often be behind the times and set in their ways, thinking of work in terms of conventional skills. However, in the workplace today, there are few chances to serve a long apprenticeship or internship as a preparation to move up the career ladder . Companies go out of business, employees are made redundant, technological changes are rapid, and young people understand that it is simply better to try for a job which they will enjoy now.
In conclusion, although young people are inexperienced, all the traditional attitudes to work have fallen by the wayside, and they should be free to choose the job that they want in these unpredictable times.
Written by NgocBach
Vocabulary from business and money:
- to earn a living
Meaning: to earn money
Example: I used to earn a living as a teacher, but now I sell used cars.
- to go out of business
Meaning: if a company goes out of business, it stops doing business permanently, especially because it has failed
Example: If we sold food at those prices we’d soon go out of business.
- to be made redundant
Meaning: to lose one’s job
Example: The car factory has closed and 1000 employees have been made redundant.
Vocabulary from communication and personality:
- to have a laid-back attitude
Meaning: relaxed, not worrying about anything
Example: Our teacher had a laid-back attitude in the classroom, but she was always well-prepared and committed to her students.
- behind the times
Meaning: refers to a person who is old-fashioned and has not adopted certain modern customs, beliefs, or behaviors
Example: He was angry when they said that his accounting methods were behind the times because he did not use computer software.
- set in his or her ways
Meaning: A person who is set in his or her ways is stubborn and committed to their current way of doing things. They aren’t open to changing, even if the change would be an improvement
Example: As people get older, they often become set in their ways and are reluctant to try anything new.
Vocabulary from work:
- to have no career ambitions
Meaning: to have no desire to be successful or to move up the career ladde
Example: Those who are content to do the same job and have no career ambitions are often happier in their work and do not suffer from stress.
- to pursue a successful career
Meaning: to have a series of jobs in a particular area of work, with more responsibility as time passes
Example: While many people wish to pursue a successful career, for others it is more important to find work which is interesting and enjoyable.
- promotion opportunities
Meaning: chances to move to a more important position in a company or organization
Example: Perhaps the most important factor when choosing a job are the promotion opportunities/promotion prospects.
- to have a steady job
Meaning: to have a job which you are unlikely to lose, but which is usually the same routine
Example: Although some people prefer to change jobs, others prefer to have a steady job and a set daily routine at work.
- job prospects
Meaning: the chances of being successful and having more opportunities at work
Example: People with qualifications and experience usually have the best job prospects.
- job satisfaction
Meaning: the good feeling that you get when you have a job that you enjoy
Example: A high salary is not necessarily the most important factor in job satisfaction.
- an internship
Meaning: a period of time in which a student or new graduate gets practical experience in a job
Example: In order to gain essential professional experience, graduates should do an internship if they have the opportunity.
- to move up the career ladder
Meaning: a series of stages by which you can make progress in your career
Example: Ambitious employees look for a job in which there is a chance to move up the career ladder.
Vocabulary from traditional vs modern:
- conventional skills
Meaning: traditional and common skills
Example: Technology can contribute positively to keeping alive conventional skills and ways of life.
- to fall by the wayside
Meaning: if something falls by the wayside, it is no longer used
Example: An increasing reliance on modern technology has resulted in some conventional skills falling by the wayside.
- to drift [verb]:
Meaning: to do something without a particular plan or purpose
Example: After leaving university, John drifted from town to town before he decided to get a job in New York.
- glamour [noun]:
Meaning: the attractive quality that makes a job, a person, a place etc. exciting
Example: The glamour of the fashion industry attracts many young people to apply for the few jobs that are available.
- apprenticeship [noun]:
Meaning: a period of time when a young person works for an employer in order to learn the skills needed to do a particular job
Example: In order to qualify as an electrician, Mary had to serve an apprenticeship of 3 years.