Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 22/08/2020

Lời giải Task 1:

The table compares the proportion of men and women in six sectors of the workforce in New Zealand in two different years.

Overall, the services and transport sector and agriculture accounted for the highest percentage of males and females in the workforce in 1993, while the figures for the proportion of men and women in business saw a dramatic increase over the period.

Just over half of women and approximately 20% of men in the workforce were employed in services and transport in 1993. In 2003, the figure for women declined to 36%, whereas the proportion of men rose significantly to the same figure as women. Agriculture accounted for 22% of females and 38% of males in the workforce in 1993. However, by 2003 the proportion of male agricultural workers had fallen to only 8%.

There was a significant rise in the figures for women and men working in business, from 1% and 7% in 1993 to 21% and 38% respectively in 2003. In contrast, the male and female workforce in manufacturing, building and social services remained comparatively constant, but below 20% in both years.  In 2003, women were employed in building for the first time, at 6%.

198 words

Written by NgocBach

Lời giải Task 2:

It is true that a growing number of enterprises seek to promote their products and services through sport and sporting celebrities. While some people argue that this is a positive development, I agree with those who consider that the drawbacks outweigh the advantages.

On the one hand, sponsorship brings money into sport, and some believe that this benefits sport and business in general. Firstly, sponsorship and marketing are linked, and through television sports coverage, for example, both sport and companies profit.  Sports, particularly minority sports such as cycling, are able to make the most of sponsorship to increase their popularity and encourage wider public participation.  Secondly, as more money is poured into sport, sports stars are paid higher salaries and train full-time to raise their standards.  Finally, in terms of advantages for businesses, associating their products with the healthy and popular image of sport enables them to enhance their public image and to break into new markets.

On the other hand, I support the opposing view that the entry of business money into sport has betrayed the Olympic ideal.  Companies simply strive to gain a competitive edge over their rivals and to maximize their profitsSports merchandising – like Nike and the National Basketball Association in the US – sometimes connects the product and the sport, but often it does not.  Liverpool FC, for example, is sponsored by a bank.However, money in sport has resulted in a win-at-all-costs attitude,  encouraging bribery or the use of illegal substances such as performance-enhancing drugs.  Individual celebrities, like Cristiano Ronaldo, have gained a fortune from the endorsement of sporting goods, and enjoy millionaire lifestyles.

In conclusion, I totally agree with the critics of sponsorship in sport. While it has made profits for business, sponsorship has destroyed the sporting spirit of fun and fairness.

297 words

Written by NgocBach

Ghi chú

Vocabulary from sport:

  • sports coverage
    Meaning: the activity of reporting news related to sport
    Example: Many top sports stars are now known to millions of people around the world because of global sports coverage by the media.
  • the Olympic ideal
    Meaning: the ultimate goal is not to win, but to know that you have taken part and done your best in a competition
    Example: Unfortunately, professional sport is just another branch of the entertainment industry, and the Olympic ideal has been lost.
  • sports merchandising
    Meaning: the activity of selling products connected with a sport or sportsperson
    Example: Sports merchandising is a multi-billion dollar business worldwide, in the form of t-shirts and sports equipment.
  • a win-at-all-costs attitude
    Meaning: an idea that a match or competition must be won, using all possible means
    Example: Youth sport is being ruined by a win-at-all-costs attitude, which includes cheating and breaking the rules in order to achieve victory.
  • to use illegal substances
    Meaning: to use drugs or medicines which are not allowed under the rules of a competition
    Example: In professional sport, it has become increasingly common to use illegal substances in order to win at all costs.
  • performance-enhancing drugs
    Meaning: drugs which improve the ability of a sportsperson to compete
    Example: Athletes who take performance-enhancing drugs are not only   cheating, but they also set a bad example for young people.
  • the endorsement of sporting goods
    Meaning: an advertising statement, usually by a famous sportsperson, saying that they use or like a particular product.
    Example: In addition to their fabulous salaries, sports celebrities also make a great deal of money through their endorsement of sporting goods such as trainers or even casual clothes or deodorants!

Vocabulary from business and money:

  • to make the most of something
    Meaning: to make something appear as good as possible; to exploit something; to get as much out of something as is possible.
    Example: They designed the advertisements to make the most of the product's features.
  • to enhance their public image
    Meaning: to make their company appear more attractive to people
    Example: In order to enhance their public image, some companies donate large sums of money to charities.
  • to break into a market
    Meaning: to enter a market with the connotation that entrance to the industry was difficult.
    Example: It is difficult to break into the market for designer sportswear because there is too much competition from leading brands like Nike.
  • to gain a competitive edge
    Meaning: to achieve an advantage over another company or organisation, often by providing the same goods or services at a lower price
    Example: The high quality of VW cars, combined with their affordable price, has enabled the company to gain a competitive edge over all its rivals in world markets.
  • to maximize profits
    Meaning: to increase profits to the highest possible level
    Example: The company has hired a marketing consultant to recommend how to maximize profits next year.

Other vocabulary:

  • to pour into [phrasal verb]:
    Meaning: to provide a large amount of money for something
    Examples: Millions of dollars are being poured into the development of a new vaccine for coronavirus.
  • bribery [noun]:
    Meaning: the act of giving money or something valuable to somebody in return for their help – often to do something dishonest
    Example: It was discovered that the bribery of the referee was responsible for the shock result of the football match.