Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 20/06/2020

Lời giải Task 1:

The line graphs compare prices of the exports of rice from Thailand and Vietnam each month from 2012 to 2015.

Overall, the prices per tonne of rice exports from Thailand were higher than the figures for Vietnam. These prices were higher in 2012 and 2013 than in the last two years.

In January 2012, the price of rice exported from Thailand was 350 US dollars per tonne,  twice the figure for rice exports from Vietnam. In both countries, prices then remained quite stable throughout the year.  In 2013, the price in January in Thailand was about $300 per tonne, compared with $80 per tonne in Vietnam. However, the figure rose in Vietnam over the year to reach $130 by December, while there was a dramatic fall in prices in Thailand in 2013 between February and April, before they recovered to $200 in December.

In Thailand and Vietnam prices remained stable in 2014 and 2015. The figures were significantly lower than previous years, at $150 in Thailand and $80 in Vietnam in January 2014. Prices fell even further the following year, at about $50-$80 per tonne in both Vietnam and Thailand from February to December 2015.

195 words

Written by Ngobach

Lời giải Task 2:

It is true that national and local authorities have adopted different policies to meet the increasing housing needs of their populations. While some favour high-rise apartment blocks, others prefer to see their cities expand outwards. I would argue that the best solution is to allow cities to expand in a planned and organised way.

On the one hand, there are advantages and disadvantages of constructing tower blocks to provide housing in cities. A city may have little space to expand for geographical reasons such as a coastline, mountains or lakes, and therefore tall buildings are the only option if demand for more housing is to be satisfied.  In addition, if more people live in tall apartment blocks, housing will be more affordable, as only a small area of land is required. However,  the major drawback is that city districts with a large population housed in a small area suffer from overcrowding and noise. Thus, while the construction of apartment towers to provide more housing may sometimes be the only practical alternative, such districts may not always be pleasant to live in.

On the other hand, expansion of a city to provide more housing is probably a better solution. The major drawback is such expansion may not be environmentally friendly if it means habitat destruction and loss of wildlife when more land is needed for building. Despite this, the 

construction of houses in suburbs provides a much more pleasant, green and healthy environment for people. It may mean longer commuting times for people to reach their workplace, but cities like London and New York have met this challenge by expanding and upgrading public transport provision

In conclusion,  although both solutions have drawbacks, building on wider areas of land provides a better living space for people.

294 words

Written by NgocBach

Ghi chú

Vocabulary from government:

  • national and local authorities
    Meaning: government organisations acting at a national level or within a smaller, local area
    Example: Tackling crime is a responsibility of both national and local authorities.
  • to adopt policies
    Meaning: to start to use particular policies
    Example:  In order to deal with traffic congestion, the government must adopt policies to restrict the use of private cars.

Vocabulary from the environment:

  • environmentally friendly
    Meaning: behavior or products that do not harm the environment
    Example: We can help to protect the environment by using detergents and cosmetics that are environmentally friendly.
  • habitat destruction
    Meaning: the process that occurs when a natural habitat, like a forest or wetland, is changed so dramatically by humans that plants and animals which live there.
    Example:  The elephant population in the world is declining because of habitat destruction caused by human exploitation of the environment.

Vocabulary from transport:

  • commuting times
    Meaning: the time taken travelling to and from work
    Example: Firms should introduce flexible working hours to cut the commuting times of employees.
  • to upgrade and expand public transport provision
    Meaning: to improve bus and train services and to make these services more available
    Example: One way to reduce traffic on the roads is to upgrade and expand public transport provision.

Other vocabulary:

  • high-rise apartment [noun]:
    Meaning:  an apartment building that is very tall, with a lot of floors
    Example:  A new high-rise apartment building has just been completed in my city, with 35 floors and over 200 apartments.
  • tower block [noun]:
    Meaning:  a tall, modern building with many apartments (or sometimes offices)
    Example:  I live in an apartment of the 15th floor of a tower block, and I have a spectacular view over the city.
  • affordable [adjective]:
    Meaning:  not expensive – people have enough money to buy it
    Example:  The city government is providing affordable child care if parents are ill during the corona virus pandemic.