Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 18/07/2019

Lời giải Task 1:

The line graph compares the proportion of exports from Australia, to Japan, the USA, China and India between 1990 and 2012.

Overall, it is clear that the largest percentage of exports went to Japan before 2005.  However, the proportion of exports to China overtook those to Japan after 2005.

In 1990, exports to Japan accounted for 27% of the total, more than double the figure for Australian exports to the USA.  By contrast, exports to China and India were low, at 2% and 1%, respectively.  While the proportion of exports to Japan fell to 19%  and exports to the USA fell to 9% in 1995, the figure for exports to China and India rose slowly. 

There was a gradual decrease in the proportion of exports to Japan, which stood at 18% in 2012.  The US export market fluctuated, but the trend after 1995 was downward, finishing at 7% of total exports at the end of the period.  Although exports to India also fluctuated, these rose overall to 6% in 2012.  The most significant change, however, was the growth in exports to China, overtaking those to Japan, and reaching a peak of 30% in 2012.

194 words

Written by NgocBach

Lời giải Task 2:

It is true that some people believe that reading for pleasure develops both imagination and language skills, in contrast to the passive activity of watching TV. While a minority a viewers do watch informative TV programmes, such as documentaries, I completely agree with the arguments in favour of the benefits of reading.

Firstly, in terms of the development of creativity, works of literary fiction stimulate the human imagination.  Reading bedtime stories to children, or reading some well-written work of literature, everyone can broaden their literary horizonsWhereas TV presents audiences with ready-made images, reading stories forces readers to use their own imagination. They might, for example, picture themselves shipwrecked on a deserted island, like Robinson Crusoe.  Because they have created that personal image for themselves, it is stronger and more durable than an image which is not their own, but which is manufactured and ready to consume.

Secondly, from the perspective of  language skills, specialists in linguistics argue that reading extends vocabulary, as well as developing critical thinking.  An important part of literary appreciation is to recognize not only new words, but also to notice the choice and use of words which are familiar.  There are no distracting images on screens, so when readers are engrossed in a book written by a literary genius, they can focus on the aesthetic qualities of the language. In contrast, although it is possible to play back a TV recording, words and images are invariably heard and seen in an instant.  Then, they pass and are instantly forgotten, whereas it is easy to read over passages in a book. 

In conclusion, I fully agree with those who argue that reading encourages imagination and develops vocabulary, which sitting in front of a TV will never do.

291 words

Written by NgocBach

Ghi chú

Vocabulary from The Arts:

  • works of literary fiction
    Meaning: types of literature which describe imaginary people and events, not real ones
    Example: It takes enormous creativity to write works of literary fiction, and the greatest writers are rightly considered literary geniuses.
  • a work of literature
    Meaning: a book, play or poem
    Example: Shakespeare’s plays are considered as one of the greatest works of literature in the English language.
  • a literary genius
    Meaning: a person with outstanding ability in writing
    Example: Although not every child will become a literary genius, it is still important for students to practice creative writing at school.
  • the aesthetic qualities of something
    Meaning: The qualities related to beauty and understanding the beauty of something.
    Example: One advantage of studying the arts is that students learn to appreciate the aesthetic qualities of paintings, literature and music.

Vocabulary from Reading:

  • bedtime stories
    Meaning: stories told to children before they sleep
    Example: Parents should spend time with their children, for example by  telling them bedtime stories every night.
  • broaden one’s literary horizons
    Meaning: to widen the limit of your desires, knowledge, or interests by reading widely
    Example: Schools should broaden the literary horizons of pupils by encouraging them to read in class and at home.
  • critical thinking
    Meaning: the process of analyzing information in an objective way, in order to make a judgment about it
    Example: Critical thinking skills enable students to evaluate information.
  • literary appreciation
    Meaning: pleasure that you have when your recognize and enjoy the       qualities of a good piece of writing
    Example: Children develop literary appreciation if they are encouraged      by parents and teachers to love reading.
  • to be engrossed in
    Meaning: to be completely focused on something
    Example: A good work-life balance is important, because if people are too engrossed in their work their family life may suffer.
  • to read over
    Meaning: Meaning: to read something carefully from beginning to end to look for mistakes or check details
    Example: Attention to detail is so important in many jobs, so the practice of reading over one’s written work should be taught at school and university.

Other vocabulary:

  • to picture [verb]:
    Meaning: to imagine somebody/something: to create an image of somebody/something in your mind
    Example: He pictured himself as a superhero after watching a ‘Batman’ film.
  • durable [adjective]:
    Meaning: likely to last for a long time without breaking or getting weaker
    Example: The hotel bought some durable carpets for the entrance.
  • invariably [adverb]:
    Meaning: always
    Example: The USA invariably wins the Olympic gold medal for basketball.