Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 17/08/2019

Lời giải Task 1:

The bar chart compares the water levels in reservoirs in six different Australian cities in October of two consecutive years.

Overall, it is clear that the levels of water in reservoirs in most cities was higher in October 2010 than in October 2009. In Canberra, the reservoirs were almost full in October 2010.

In Sydney, water levels in the reservoirs rose from 75% to 81% in these months, while in Melbourne there was a more significant rise from 25% to 38%.  The percentages of water in the reservoirs in Perth and Canberra were much higher, however. In Perth, the water level increased from 40% to 60% in October 2009 and 2010, respectively.  Water levels in Canberra increased by almost 25% to reach almost a maximum in October 2010.

In contrast, the reservoirs in Brisbane remained at the same level of 55% full, whereas in Darwin the water level in reservoirs fell from 45% in October 2009 to less than 30% in October 2010.

163 words 

Written by NgocBach

Lời giải Task 2:

It is true that some people believe that it is important to focus only on the present and future generations.  However, I agree with those who argue that researching our family history is a useful and worthwhile activity.

On the one hand, it is important to concentrate on the health, happiness and well-being of the present generation and to live sustainably for the sake of future generations.  From the perspective of the present, everyone should try to provide a good moral example and to set patterns of behaviour that demonstrate respect for others.  For instance, being consistently kind and honest provides a good model for children to follow during their formative years.  This behaviour will shape their personality and values as they enter adult life.  In terms of future generations, it is essential to focus on fighting climate change and to combat global warming

On the other hand, it is also essential to have a sense of the past, including family history.  This sense of history enables people to understand the socio-economic changes taking place around them today.  Many people enjoy assimilating knowledge of the past by studying their family history.  Discovering the origins, the occupations and some of the life stories of previous generations of family members helps to give individuals an understanding of time and place.  The study of family history, therefore, bridges the generation gap and helps people to look at the past in connection with the present.

In conclusion, while it is vital to be concerned with present and future generations, I contend that it is also both interesting and important to study family history.

268 words

Written by NgocBach

Ghi chú

Vocabulary from family and children:

  • patterns of behavior
    Meaning: ways of acting and doing things (either positive or negative)
    Example: Patterns of behaviour copied from parents often influence the way that children grow up.
  • formative years
    Meaning: A period of a person’s life, usually childhood, that has a big influence on the person they become later in life
    Example: UNICEF states that the early childhood years from birth through age 8 are formative years in terms of intelligence, personality and social behavior.
  • to shape a child’s personality/ values
    Meaning: to decide or influence the form of a child’s personality
    Example: Parents are very influential in shaping their children’s personality through the example that they set.
  • to enter adult life
    Meaning:the stage when adolescents are almost old enough to be legally independent of their parents
    ​​​​​​​Example: Parents who have devoted time and thought to raising and educating their children have given them a good prepartion to enter adult life.
  • generation gap
    Meaning: the experience of not understanding your parents or grandparents and them not understanding you due to being raised during different time periods, in a different cultural setting
    Example: They were able to bridge the generation gap by watching old and new movies together and discussing them.

Vocabulary from the environment:

  • to fight climate change
    Meaning: To try to prevent changes in climate patterns, such as rainfall, temperature and winds.
    Example: Unless we consume less of the Earth’s natural resources, it will be impossible to fight climate change and safeguard our future.
  • global warming
    Meaning: the process by which the Earth is getting hotter, as a result of the greenhouse effect – in particular the increase in carbon dioxide in the air.
    Example: Perhaps the major environmental challenge which faces humanity today is global warming, because it threatens our survival.

Vocabulary from society:

  • socio-economic changes
    Meaning: changes relating to the society and economy of a country
    Example: Mass migration to cities is a result of socio-economic changes   that include the industrialisation of agriculture.

Vocabulary from communication and personality:

  • to assimilate knowledge
    Meaning: to absorb and understand knowledge
    Example: Some people claim that children assimilate knowledge more easily than adults, citing studies into the way that young children learn.

Other vocabulary:

  • worthwhile [adjective]:
    Meaning: important, interesting and enjoyable.  Worth spending time or money on.
    Example: Although her salary is low, she enjoys doing her worthwhile job in the ambulance service.
  • sustainably [adverb]:
    Meaning: in a way that can continue or be continued for a long time
    Example: It is important to manage our forests sustainably, or they will be destroyed.
  • to bridge [verb]:
    Meaning: to reduce or to get rid of the differences that exist between two things or groups of people
    Example: The president referred to education as a vital means to bridge the gap between rich and poor.