Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 14/12/2019

Lời giải Task 1:

The maps compare the layout of a city in 1950 and the city today.

Overall, it is clear that the population now is ten times larger than in 1950.  The business district is also larger today, with a large lake passing through the centre of this district.

In 1950, the city had 20,000 inhabitants, compared with 200,000 people today.  The business district was located north of the river.  Today, a dam has blocked the river, creating a lake which divides the expanded business district into two sections.  The original bridge remains in place, but another bridge crosses the lake to the east. 

The residential area has expanded greatly since 1950,  now completely encircling the business district to the north and south of the river.  Four major roads intersected in the business district in 1950, however a new road has been built south of the river. Only one government building is on the 1950 map, but there are two government buildings today, one in the business district and one in the residential area, both south of the river.  The airport to the south-east of the city has also been expanded.

190 words

Written by NgocBach

Lời giải Task 2:

It is true that many people are in favour of children starting to learn formally at school at a very young age. While others argue that it is better to wait until children are at least 7, I agree with those who believe that formal education at school should start as early as possible.

On the one hand, it is unrealistic to expect children to assimilate much knowledge when they are very young. Therefore, it may be better for young children to spend most of their time at home, in a safe and protective environment with a great deal of parental involvement in their upbringing up to the age of 7.  Up to age 7, children could still spend some hours for example at a nursery, creche or kindergarten. There, they might develop social skills by playing with other children of the same age. This kind of informal learning through play would be very useful during their formative years.

On the other hand, formal learning at school is essential for young children for two important reasons. Firstly, they learn to study under supervision.  Even from the age of 4 upwards, children are able to master the basic skills of literacy and numeracy.  They then have a solid foundation for a broad education in their later years at school. Secondly, many homes are single-parent households, or homes where working mothers have to organise child-minding services to look after young children.  Such children would surely benefit more from being at school than neglected at home.

In conclusion, I think that children should attend school before the age of 7 in order to have a better start in life.

276 words

Written by NgocBach

Ghi chú

Vocabulary from communication and personality:

  • to assimilate knowledge
    Meaning: to absorb and understand knowledge
    Example: Some people claim that children assimilate knowledge more easily than adults, citing studies into the way that young children learn.

Vocabulary from family and children:

  • parental involvement
    Meaning: the act or process of parents when taking part in their children’s activities.
    Example: Parental involvement allows parents to monitor school and classroom activities, and to coordinate their efforts with teachers to encourage acceptable classroom behavior and ensure that the child completes schoolwork.
  • formative years
    Meaning: A period of a person’s life, usually childhood, that has a big influence on the person they become later in life
    Example: UNICEF states that the early childhood years from birth through age 8 are formative years in terms of intelligence, personality and social behavior.
  • a single parent household
    Meaning: a family in which one person takes care of their child or children without a husband, wife or partner
    Example: As a result of changes in society, single parent households are no longer considered unusual.
  • working mothers
    Meaning: women who have a job and also have to take care of their children
    Example: As more and more women have entered the workforce, working mothers have to balance the demands of home and work.
  • child-minding
    Meaning: caring informally (not in schools) for children when parents are busy or working
    Example: Working mothers with very young children face the problem of organising child-minding while they are away from home.

Vocabulary from education:

  • to work/study under supervision
    Meaning: work/ study under the direction of a responsible person
    Example: At college, I discovered I did not have to work under supervision all the time, and I was free to do independent research.

Other vocabulary:

  • creche [noun]:
    Meaning: a place where small children are taken care of while their parents are working/studying
    Example: In my city, there are creches where working mothers can take their young children.
  • kindergarten [noun]:
    Meaning: a place where children aged 4 or 5 are prepared for school
    Example: James is in kindergarten now, but he will move to the infant school next year.
  • to master [verb]:
    Meaning: to learn or understand something completely
    Example: Unfortunately, I never mastered French at school.
  • neglected [adjective]:
    Meaning: not receiving enough care or attention
    Example: Neglected children sometimes have physical or mental problems later in life.