Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 12/12/2019

Lời giải Task 1:

The diagrams illustrate the present system of supplying water to shops, households and factories in Australian cities, with proposed future changes.

Overall, it is clear that in the future no water will be discharged into rivers.  Instead, water treatment plants will treat waste water and storm water, ready for recycling to consumers in the cities.

The first stage in the present water supply system is the collection and storage of water in dams.  This pure water is then delivered to factories, households and shops in the cities.  Waste water then goes to a treatment plant, after which it is discharged into rivers.  The excess of storm water in cities also goes into rivers.

In the future,  while the supply of pure water to the cities is expected to remain unchanged, a major change will occur in the treatment of waste and storm water from the cities.  Waste and storm water will go to the water treatment plant, and no water will enter the rivers.  It is planned to return the treated water to the cities as pure water after treatment.

180 words.

Written by NgocBach

Lời giải Task 2:

It is true that across the world, a few languages have come to dominate, resulting in a loss of diversity in the languages in which people communicate.  While this has some positive aspects, I believe that it is a largely negative trend.

On the one hand, there is one major positive aspect of the growth of a small number of languages which are in use worldwide. This is the transmission of knowledge as people are enabled to communicate outside a small community.  As a result of the dramatic socio-economic changes in recent decades, English, Spanish and Mandarin Chinese are now used internationally. The majority of English speakers, for example, do not have English as their first language.  However, they have learned English in order to do business, to work, to study or even to acquire a visa. In a multicultural society like Australia, the best way to integrate into society is to express oneself in English. 

On the other hand, when a language is lost, then an important part of a culture is lost.  The modern world is shaped by such things as advances in technology and the migration of labour, as people seek to have a better life.  Yet the cost of greater social mobility is often the abandonment of traditional communities and a way of life in which people lived in harmony with one another.  Within the community, everybody spoke the same local language.  A local language formed a bond between generations, handing down oral traditions in the form of stories and local knowledge.

In conclusion, I believe that the world is a poorer place culturally with the disappearance or decline in use of many languages with the growth of a globalised culture and economy.

287 words

Written by NgocBach

Ghi chú

Vocabulary from education:

  • transmission of knowledge
    Meaning: the process of passing knowledge from one person to another
    Example: I believe that the transmission of knowledge is more effective in face-to-face interaction with teachers rather than online learning. 

Vocabulary from society:

  • socio-economic changes
    Meaning: changes relating to the society and economy of a country
    Example: Mass migration to cities is a result of socio-economic changes   that include the industrialisation of agriculture.
  • a multicultural society
    Meaning: a society which includes people of different origins, traditions and languages
    Example: Immigration has led to the development of multicultural societies in the US, Europe and Australia.
  • to integrate into society
    Meaning: to become accepted as a member of a social group, especially when a person comes from a different culture
    Example: Children from minority groups often find it easy to integrate into society because they attend schools which are multicultural.
  • the migration of labour
    Meaning: the movement of workers from one place to another
    Example: The migration of labour from the countryside to the cities is a feature of modern society.
  • social mobility
    Meaning: the movement of individuals from one class in society to another
    Example: Free access to education has resulted in greater social mobility in modern society

Vocabulary from the arts:

  • to express oneself
    Meaning: to communicate some idea or emotion through speech, writing, painting, music or some other form of art
    Example: Schools should encourage pupils to express themselves through art, music or creative writing in order to stimulate their imagination.

Vocabulary from technology:

  • advances in technology
    Meaning: the improvement or development in technology
    Example: Recent advances in medical technology are making a great contribution to the search for a cure for Aids.

Vocabulary from communication and personality:

  • to live in harmony with one another
    Meaning: to live with others in a way which avoids conflict or disagreement
    Example: The students who share the house are all good friends and they are able to live in harmony with one another.

Other vocabulary:

  • to acquire [verb]:
    Meaning: to obtain something by buying it, or being given it
    Example: The supermarket has acquired a new site, near the motorway.
  • abandonment [noun]:
    Meaning: the act of giving up an idea or stopping an activity, with no intention of returning to it
    Example: The government announced the abandonment of its plans to increase pensions.