Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 08/05/2021
The chart compares the number of people who visited 4 museums in London over a period of several months.
Overall, the British Museum received the highest number of visitors, while in December total visitor numbers to these museums were at their lowest point.
In June and July, there was little difference in the numbers who visited the History Museum, the British Museum and the Science Museum, at between 400,00 and 415,000. In contrast, only about half this number visited the National Museum. While the figure for visitors to the Science Museum remained at 400,000 in August, visitor numbers peaked in August for the other 3 museums. Visitor figures almost doubled for the British Museum and rose for the History Museum and National Museum to 600,000 and 300,000 respectively.
There was a significant increase to 500,000 visitors to the Science Museum in September, whereas the other 3 museums received fewer visitors in this month. Finally, in December visitor numbers decreased for all the museums. The figure for the British Museum remained the highest at about 460,000, compared with 300,00 for the Science Museum and around 200,000 for the others.
Written by NgocBach
It is true that maintaining effective public health services is extremely costly, and as a result resources often target the treatment of illnesses rather than preventive medicine. While it is essential to treat people who are ill, I agree with the view that much more emphasis should be placed on promoting a healthy lifestyle.
On the one hand, the treatment of those who are sick cannot be neglected, and governments must allocate resources to hospitals and clinics. Public money must also be spent on searching for a cure for thousands of life-threatening conditions, such as cancers, lung and heart diseases or – in recent times – viral pandemics. Hundreds of millions of people would die if no public money was devoted to providing treatment and finding cures to alleviate suffering and disability.
On the other hand, I believe that governments should adopt policies to promote a healthy lifestyle, without curbing public spending on the treatment of patients who are sick. Health awareness campaigns must focus on diet and exercise. Firstly, the public should be encouraged to eat a balanced diet, avoiding junk food from fast food chains. Such food is one of the major reasons why so many people are prone to obesity. Secondly, public money should also be used to encourage people to abandon a sedentary lifestyle. Without taking regular exercise, people are likely to put on weight.
In conclusion, it need not cost a fortune to promote a healthy lifestyle which will carry fewer health risks. I therefore agree that more public money should be spent on this strategy, although I would argue that, at the same time, spending on treating illness should be maintained.
Written by NgocBach
Vocabulary from health:
- public health services
Meaning: the agencies funded by the government to protect and promote the health of the population
Example: I would argue that funding for public health services should be the main priority of all governments.
- preventive medicine
Meaning: practices of healthcare intended to try to stop illnesses
Example: An emphasis on preventive medicine will result in a healthier population and reduced costs for medical treatment.
- to search for a cure
Meaning: the process of looking for a way to make a sick person healthy again
Example: It is the responsibility of governments to enable doctors to search for a cure for diseases by providing adequate funding.
- life-threatening conditions
Meaning: illnesses which are likely to kill somebody
Example: Great advances have been made in the treatment of life-threatening conditions such as cancer and heart disease.
- health awareness campaigns
Meaning: publicity to encourage people to be concerned about looking after their health.
Example: Public health awareness campaigns are essential if people are to accept that they have a personal responsibility to look after their own health.
- to be prone to obesity
Meaning: to be likely to become fat [in an unhealthy way]
Example: Children who are addicted to watching television, instead of playing outdoor games, are more prone to obesity.
- sedentary lifestyle
Meaning: involving little exercise or physical activity
Example: A sedentary lifestyle is a major factor in health problems such as obesity and heart disease.
- to take regular exercise
Meaning: to do some physical activity on a regular basis
Example: Authorities should encourage people of all ages to take regular exercise by providing facilities in each community.
- to carry health risks
Meaning: to have effects which could be bad for one’s health
Example: Smoking and drinking alcohol are potentially dangerous habits, because they carry serious health risks.
Vocabulary from government:
- to allocate resources to
Meaning: to make money and materials available to do something
Example: If governments allocate more resources to improving public transport, this will reduce the problem of traffic congestion in cities.
- to adopt policies
Meaning: to start to use particular policies
Example: In order to deal with traffic congestion, the government must adopt policies to restrict the use of private cars.
- to curb public spending on
Meaning: to restrict what the government spends on something
Example: I would argue that it is preferable to curb public spending on building new roads rather than to impose spending cuts on education.
Vocabulary from food and diet:
- to eat a balanced diet
Meaning: to eat the correct types and amounts of food
Example: The health benefits of eating a balanced diet are obvious.
- junk food
Meaning: food that is quick and easy to prepare and eat, but that is thought to be bad for your health
Example: The consumption of too much junk food is a major factor in the increase of childhood obesity.
- fast food chains
Meaning: groups of shops owned by the same company, serving food to the public
Example: Healthy eating means avoiding eating out at fast food chains like McDonald’s or Pizza Hut.
- to put on weight
Meaning: to become fatter and heavier
Example: Those who wish to avoid putting on weight should avoid fatty and sugary foods.
- costly [adjective]:
Meaning: costing a lot of money, usually more money than you want to pay
Example: The flight was too costly, so she decided to make the journey by train to save money.
- to target [verb]:
Meaning: to try to have an effect on something or somebody
Example: A lot of TV advertising today, such as chocolates and toys, targets children.
- to alleviate [verb]:
Meaning: to make something less severe
Example: The campaign aims to alleviate the suffering of victims of the recent earthquake.