Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 07/06/2019

Lời giải Task 1:

The bar chart compares the proportion of men and women in England doing 7 leisure time activities in 2006.

Overall, it is clear that the highest proportion of men and women watched TV and spent time with friends. A far higher percentage of women did shopping than men.

The proportion of men and women who spent their free time watching TV was similar, at around 80%. Spending time with friends was also popular. 80% of women did this in their leisure time, slightly more than the percentage of men.  Almost 75% of women did shopping in their free time, compared with only about 30% of men.

In contrast, the other free time activities were more popular for men. While about 70% of women did sport or exercise, the figure for men was 75%.  Reading was also a common free time activity, with 75% and 70% for men and women, respectively.  However, there was a significant difference in the figures for the internet, with about 75% of men using this in their leisure time, double the proportion of women. Finally, 12% of men and 5%of women played computer games in their free time.

192 words 

Written by NgocBach

Lời giải Task 2:

It is true that an increasing number of people have serious weight problems. While some argue that raising the price of fattening foods might help to solve the problem, I only partly agree with this view.

On the one hand, an increase in the price of fattening foods might lead to a reduction in the amount of these foods which people buy.  Governments could raise taxes on all foods with a high fat or sugar content, because if people eat too much junk food containing a lot of fat or sugar, they will certainly put on weight and be prone to obesityBecoming addicted to such eating habits will definitely be detrimental to their health. For example, this was highlighted in the film ‘Supersize Me’, in which the hero ate only at McDonald’s for a month and became very ill.  Therefore, it is possible that people will buy less of this junk food if it is more expensive.

On the other hand, while price may be a factor, the problem of an increasingly overweight population also requires other solutions.  Firstly, through health awareness campaigns, people should be encouraged to take regular exercise, because a sedentary lifestyle is definitely linked to obesity.  Secondly, schools and workplaces could provide children and staff with a healthier diet.  By preparing meals which are low in fat and high in fiber, children and employees would be much less likely to put on weight.  In the UK, for instance, a recent campaign for healthier school meals was very successful.

In conclusion, although I believe that governments should adopt policies to increase the price of fattening food, there are also other measures which must be taken to tackle the issue of rising obesity levels.

286 words

Written by NgocBach

Ghi chú

Vocabulary from government:

  • to raise taxes on
    Meaning: to increase the amount of tax on something
    Example: Governments should raise taxes on cigarettes to persuade more people to give up smoking.
  • to adopt policies
    Meaning: to start to use particular policies
    Example: In order to deal with traffic congestion, governments must adopt policies to restrict the use of private cars.

Vocabulary from food and diet:

  • junk food
    Meaning: food that is quick and easy to prepare and eat, but that is thought to be bad for your health
    Example: The consumption of too much junk food is a major factor in the increase of childhood obesity.
  • to put on weight
    Meaning: to become fatter and heavier
    Example: Those who wish to avoid putting on weight should avoid fatty and sugary foods.
  • to provide somebody with a healthier diet
    Meaning: to give somebody a diet which is more healthy than that which they have at present
    Example: Eating only fresh fruit and vegetables provides people with a healthier diet.
  • low in fat and high in fiber
    Meaning: a diet which does not contain much fat, but which contains foods which have a lot of fiber
    Example: A healthy vegetarian diet is typically low in fat and high in fiber.
  • to put on weight
    Meaning: to become fatter and heavier
    Example: Those who wish to avoid putting on weight should avoid fatty and sugary foods.

Vocabulary from health

  • to be prone to obesity
    Meaning: to be likely to become fat [in an unhealthy way]
    Example: Children who are addicted to watching television, instead of playing outdoor games, are more prone to obesity.
  • to be addicted to something
    Meaning: to be unable to stop taking harmful drugs, tobacco or alcohol.
    Example: More specialist clinics, offering treatment and advice, are required to help people who are addicted to drugs.
  • to be detrimental to health
    Meaning: to be harmful to health
    Example: Lying in the sun for too long can be detrimental to health and result in skin cancers.
  • health awareness campaigns
    Meaning: publicity to encourage people to be concerned about looking after their health.
    Example: Public health awareness campaigns are essential if people are to accept that they have a personal responsibility to look after their own health.
  • to take regular exercise
    Meaning: to do some physical activity on a regular basis
    Example: Authorities should encourage people of all ages to take regular exercise by providing facilities in each community.
  • a sedentary lifestyle
    Meaning: a type of live involving little exercise or physical activity
    Example: A sedentary lifestyle is a major factor in health problems such as obesity and heart disease.

Other vocabulary:

  • content [noun]:
    Meaning: the amount of a substance that is contained in something else
    Example: This beer has a high alcohol content.
  • to highlight [verb]:
    Meaning: to emphasize something, especially so that people give it more attention
    Example: The report highlights the major problems facing education today.