Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 06/04/2019

Lời giải Task 1:

The bar chart illustrates the proportion of Australian men and women who were overweight between the years 1980 and 2010.

Overall, it is clear that the percentage of overweight males was higher than the percentage of overweight females, while the figures for both genders rose over the period.

In 1980,40% of men in Australia were overweight and this figure increased to 48% in 1990.Although the proportion then reached a peak in 2000 of 65%, it then fell slightly to just over 60% in 2010.

In contrast, the proportion of overweight Australian women was lower than the figures for males who were overweight. However, there was a steep rise in the percentage of overweight females from just over 30% at the beginning of the period to 45% in 1990.  There was a further significant increase to 53%, just over half of all women, in 2000.  This figure remained the same in 2010.

152 words 

Written by NgocBach

Lời giải Task 2:

It is true that most people do not realize how important the natural world is. While there are some reasons to explain this lack of knowledge, there are ways in which people can improve their understanding.

I believe that the major reason why many people do not appreciate the value of the natural world is the disappearance of traditional ways of lifeIn terms of work, hunting, fishing or agriculture are now the occupation of a small minority of the workforce in most countries. Advances in technology mean that most people now spend a large part of their day in a closed working environment, such as an office, shop or factory, without any contact with nature.  From a cultural perspective, traditional festivals related to the natural seasons in agricultural communities have fallen by the wayside.  Celebrations of nature, for example at times of spring or harvest, which once provided a link to our roots, continue only in the hands of an ageing population, while younger generations are addicted to the electronic media.

However, people can learn about the natural world in three important ways. Firstly, there are many opportunities to become involved in local volunteer work, carrying out environmentally friendly tasks like planting trees. Secondly, schools should include nature studies and environmental science in the curriculum. Finally,  more nature documentaries on TV and the internet would stimulate a revival of interest in the world around us. They are an excellent means of informing the public about life on the planet, and the need to combat the environmental degradation which threatens it.

In conclusion, although there are important reasons why there is little public understanding of the natural world, there are ways in which this lack of knowledge can be overcome.

289 words

Written by NgocBach

Ghi chú

Vocabulary from traditional versus modern:

  • the disappearance of traditional ways of life
    Meaning: the fact that traditional ways no longer exist
    Example: The advances in technology that have driven industrialisation in developed countries have certainly contributed to the disappearance of traditional ways of life.
  • to fall by the wayside
    Meaning: if something falls by the wayside, it is no longer used
    Example: An increasing reliance on modern technology has resulted in some conventional skills falling by the wayside.
  • to provide a link to our roots
    Meaning: to connect with previous generations
    Example: Traditional skills provide a link to our roots, and they are part of our shared heritage.
  • in the hands of an ageing population
    Meaning: dependent on the elderly
    Example: Some traditional crafts which are now in the hands of an ageing population are at risk of disappearing completely in the next five years.
  • a revival of interest in
    Meaning: the process of something becoming more popular again
    Example: There has recently been a revival of interest in traditional music and songs.

Vocabulary from technology:

  • advances in technology
    Meaning: the improvement or development in technology
    Example: Recent advances in medical technology are making a great contribution to the search for a cure for Aids.

Vocabulary from work:

  • working environment
    Meaning: the conditions that you work in
    Example: If work is to be enjoyable, then a friendly working environment is essential. 

Vocabulary from health:

  • to be addicted to
    Meaning: to be unable to stop taking harmful drugs, tobacco or alcohol.
    Example: More specialist clinics, offering treatment and advice, are required to help people who are addicted to drugs.

Vocabulary from media and advertising:

  • the electronic media
    Meaning: broadcast media which use electronic technology, such as the internet, television, radio, DVDs etc
    Example: In contast to print media, the electronic media are growing in popularity, especially among the youth.

Vocabulary from the environment:

  • environmentally friendly
    Meaning: behavior or products that do not harm the environment
    Example: We can help to protect the environment by using detergents and cosmetics that are environmentally friendly.
  • environmental degradation
    Meaning: the process or fact of the environment becoming worse
    Example: Africa is a continent in which environmental degradation is evident in the spread of deserts and the extinction of animal species.

Other vocabulary:

  • harvest [noun]:
    Meaning: the time of year when crops are collected on a farm
    Example: Churches in the UK still celebrate the harvest festival, when the crops are collected in the autumn.
  • to stimulate [verb]:
    Meaning: to encourage something to develop
    Example: The exhibition of her paintings has stimulated a lot of interest in her art.