Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 06/02/2021
The graph compares small, medium and large groups of Australian companies in terms of their use of social media for business reasons from 2012 to 2016.
Overall, large companies used social media more than the other groups, although in 2015 the figures fell for all sizes of companies.
In 2012, almost 30% of small companies used social media for business purposes. The figure for medium companies was slightly higher at just over 30%, while for larger companies the proportion stood at 80%. The following year, almost half of medium enterprises used social media for business reasons, whereas there was little or no change in the figures for small and large companies. There was little change in the percentages in 2014, although the figure for small companies saw an increase to almost 40%.
However, in 2015, there was a decline in the use of social media to 30% by small and medium companies and to 55% by large companies. In contrast, the figures for 2016 increased to 49% and 55% for small and medium companies, respectively. They also increased to 80% for large companies, returning to their levels of 2012 and 2013.
Written by NgocBach
It is true that some people argue that life in the countryside is healthier than in cities, while others maintain that city life has many health benefits. In my opinion, it is easier to enjoy a lifestyle which is beneficial to health in the countryside.
On the one hand, many urban dwellers believe that rural areas are no longer healthy places, whereas city living now has important health benefits. The disappearance of traditional ways of life in the countryside has been an inevitable consequence of the growth of agro-industry. Therefore, the idea of the healthy peasant, living close to nature is, they believe, an outdated and romantic fiction. Cities, however, have better public health services, such as hospitals, medical practitioners and dentists. It is also easy to adopt a fitness regime in cities, where there are gyms and municipal parks to take regular exercise.
On the other hand, I concur with the argument that rural areas still provide essential benefits such as fresh air and tranquility. Firstly, living in cities means that people there often have to endure squalid living conditions due to the high population density. This is detrimental to health. In the countryside, people do not have to suffer the physical and mental stress which results from overcrowding and the hectic pace of city life, and so they lead healthier lives. Secondly, air pollution in urban areas causes respiratory illnesses, and public parks are often the only lungs of the city. In contrast, country air is fresh and uncontaminated.
In conclusion, I agree with those who argue that most aspects of city life are incompatible with with a healthy lifestyle, whereas country living facilitates the enjoyment of physical and mental well-being.
Written by NgocBach
Vocabulary from cities:
- urban dwellers
Meaning: people who live in a city or a town
Example: The main reason that prevents urban dwellers from building relationships with their neighbours is fear of strangers.
- to endure squalid living conditions
Meaning: very dirty and unpleasant conditions in which to live
Example: Newcomers to a city are often forced to endure squalid living conditions.
- population density
Meaning: the number of people in a place when compared with the size of the place
Example: Tokyo is a city which has one of the highest population densities in the world.
- the hectic pace of life
Meaning: a life that is full of activity, or very busy or fast
Example: City parks are oases of peace for urban dwellers to escape the hectic pace of life for a few hours.
- the lungs of the city
Meaning: places where the air is less polluted
Example: It is essential to have parks and green spaces – they are the lungs of the city where people can go to relax away from the traffic fumes and noise.
Vocabulary from traditional versus modern:
- the disappearance of traditional ways of life
Meaning: the fact that traditional ways no longer exist
Example: The advances in technology that have driven industrialisation in developed countries have certainly contributed to the disappearance of traditional ways of life.
- an inevitable consequence
Meaning: certain to happen and unable to be avoided or prevented
Example: Some people suppose that the loss of traditional cultures is an inevitable consequence of technological development.
- to be incompatible with
Meaning: not able to exist or work with another person or thing because of basic differences
Example: The way of life of indigenous peoples is incompatible with modern cultures.
Vocabulary from health:
- public health services
Meaning: the agencies funded by the government to protect and promote the health of the population
Example: I would argue that funding for public health services should be the main priority of all governments.
- medical practitioner
Meaning: a person who works as a doctor or surgeon
Example: It is essential to train more medical practitioners if public health is to be improved.
- a fitness regime
Meaning: a method or routine of taking regular exercise
Example: Even elderly people can adopt a fitness regime by taking light exercise such as walking or jogging.
- to take regular exercise
Meaning: to do some physical activity on a regular basis
Example: Authorities should encourage people of all ages to take regular exercise by providing facilities in each community.
- to be detrimental to health
Meaning: to be harmful to health
Example: Lying in the sun for too long can be detrimental to health and result in skin cancers.
- outdated [adjective]:
Meaning: no longer useful, because it is old-fashioned
Example: Writing letters by hand is outdated in this modern age of e-mails and text messages.
- municipal [adjective]:
Meaning: belonging to a town or city that has its own government
Example: The city owns a modern municipal swimming pool, which can be enjoyed by all the community.
- tranquility [noun]:
Meaning: the state of being quiet and peaceful
Example: After the hectic pace of life in Paris, she is enjoying the tranquility of her new life in a rural village.
- country [adjective]:
Meaning: relating to, or characteristic of, the countryside
Example: She often talks about those country walks which she used to enjoy when she was a girl.