Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 05/06/2021
The first pie chart shows the proportion of water used to produce 6 agricultural commodities in 2004, while the second chart illustrates the proportion of total income from these products in the same year.
Overall, the largest percentage of water was consumed in the production of vegetables, whereas fruit accounted for the highest proportion of income.
Almost half of all the water consumed was used to produce vegetables, although the income from vegetables was only approximately one-third of the total income. In contrast, fruit production accounted for about 35% of the water use, but in terms of income this was higher than vegetables, at approximately 40%.
The figures for the other products were significantly lower. Cotton production used about 10% of the water and was responsible for 10% of the income, and both these percentages were almost double the figures for linen production. Finally, both rice and dairy products used less than 5% of the water. However, while dairy products provided almost 10% of the income, rice accounted for only about 1%.
Written by NgocBach
It is true that many people defend the right of individuals to do any dangerous sports activity if they wish. However, I agree with the view that governments should impose an official ban on such sports on safety grounds.
On the one hand, those who support dangerous sports believe that it is important to exert oneself to the limit by meeting and overcoming challenges in life. Extreme sports, such as mountaineering, parachuting and caving test both skills and fitness. People who practice these and similar sports become mentally and physically tough. Supporters of dangerous sports argue that there is a low probability of serious injury, including life-threatening injuries. They emphasise the need to take sensible precautions, and adhere to codes of conduct for their sport. They do this, for example, by using essential sports gear like protective clothing, and by being in the peak of condition to practice their sport.
On the other hand, I concur with those who want governments to outlaw dangerous sports. Firstly, life has more than enough challenges without spending time and money on dangerous sports. There is so much fulfilling work,for instance, that needs to be done by helping others in the local community. Secondly, the risks that individuals take when doing extreme sports may involve endangering the lives of others. Mountain rescue teams, air ambulance crew and coastguards may all be called on to save people doing dangerous sports.
In conclusion, despite the safety measures that will reduce the risk of sustaining injuries, governments should ban or introduce severe restrictions on the practice of dangerous sports.
Written by NgocBach
Vocabulary from government:
- to impose an official ban on
Meaning: to say or declare that something is not allowed
Example: Governments ought to impose an official ban on the use of mobile phones on public transport.
- to adhere to
Meaning: to behave according to a particular law, rule, set of instructions,
Example: Governments which fail to adhere to their election promises generally become unpopular very quickly.
- to introduce restrictions on
Meaning: to limit what people can do or what can happen
Example: The government must introduce restrictions on smoking in public places.
Vocabulary from sport and exercise:
- on safety grounds
Meaning: for reasons of safety
Example: Boxing is a very dangerous sport and must be outlawed on safety grounds.
- to exert oneself
Meaning: to make a big physical effort to do something
Example: I believe that sports professionals deserve high salaries, because constant hard training is necessary so that they can exert themselves to the limit when they compete.
- an extreme sport
Meaning: a sporting activity which is very dangerous
Example: Personally, I cannot understand why some people take up an extreme sport, and they should consider all the risks first.
- a high/low probability of injury
Meaning: you are very likely/not very likely to be injured
Example: If anyone plans to take up mountaineering or skydiving, they should be aware that there is a high probability of injury.
- life-threatening injuries
Meaning: injuries which are so serious that the person may die
Example: Paragliding and cliff-jumping are two examples of extreme sports in which life-threatening injuries are sustained all too often by those who take part.
- to take sensible precautions
Meaning: to do something in advance in order to prevent problems or to avoid danger
Example: Anyone engaging in an extreme sport must take sensible precautions and seek expert advice.
- essential sports gear
Meaning: the equipment and clothing needed to practice a particular sport
Example: In order to reduce the risks associated with dangerous sports, participants should undergo rigorous training and use all the essential sports gear required.
- to be in the peak of condition
Meaning: to be in the best possible physical condition
Example: Sports professionals should receive high salaries, because they must always be in the peak of condition in order to perform at the highest levels.
- to outlaw dangerous sports
Meaning: to ban or prohibit sports which have a high risk of causing injury
Example: I believe that the government should outlaw dangerous sports because participants may suffer serious injuries.
Vocabulary from communication and personality:
- codes of conduct
Meaning: voluntary rules which people accept in a situation
Example: The Code of Conduct is voluntary but it is seen as a sign of best practice.
- to meet [verb]:
Meaning: to experience something, often something difficult or unpleasan
Example: She met all the problems of starting a new job without worrying too much.
- caving [noun]:
Meaning: the activity of going into caves underground
Example: It is dangerous to go caving without the company of an experienced companion.
- to concur [verb]:
Meaning: to agree (with somebody)
Example: The politicians concurred that the meeting should take place the next day.
- to endanger [verb]:
Meaning: to put somebody into a situation in which they could be hurt
Example: Drinking and driving will endanger your own life and the lives of other people.
- to sustain [verb]:
Meaning: to experience something bad
Example: Footballers must expect to sustain bad injuries during their careers.