Lời giải ĐỀ THI IELTS 04/12/2021
The pie charts illustrate the percentages of people on holiday in 1988, 1998 and 2008 who rented apartments, stayed in hotels, stayed with family or friends or who went camping.
Overall, despite fluctuations, over the whole period the largest proportion of holidaymakers stayed with family or friends. There was a notable increase in the percentage of those who rented holiday apartments.
In 1988, 52% of those on holiday stayed with family or friends, and this percentage rose slightly in 1998 before falling to 44% in 2008. However, in 2008 this figure was double the percentage of holidaymakers staying in hotels, which was 22% in both 1998 and 2008 after rising from just 15% in 1998.
There was a significant rise in the proportion who rented holiday apartments, from 7% to 11% in 1988 and 1998, respectively. In 2008 this figure doubled to 22%. In contrast, the percentage of people camping declined. This stood at 26% in 1988, and it then fell by half in 1998, and finally decreased slightly to 12% by 2008.
Written by NgocBach
It is true that some people favour streaming in schools on the basis of academic ability. While this view is widely supported, I agree with those who argue that mixed ability schools and classes are the best way to educate the citizens of the future.
On the one hand, there are certain advantages enjoyed by schools which select students according to their academic abilities. Firstly, students in classes who have a similar level of ability tend to progress more quickly. For those classes, teachers are able to tailor teaching strategies and prepare challenging lessons. The students can then cover a lot of ground in a short time. Secondly, when the materials prepared by teachers match the level and skills of students, then students are rarely out of their depth. As a result, students are less likely to disrupt lessons or to fall behind with their studies if teachers spend too much time imposing discipline rather than teaching.
On the other hand, I concur with the critics of school selection based on academic ability. I believe that an egalitarian society is much healthier than one in which certain schools educate high-fliers, who will go on to enjoy extraordinary wealth and privilege in their careers. Selecting an academic elite is to discriminate against the majority of students – branded as failures. In terms of education, schools should teach the value of cooperation by teaching students of all abilities together. This will prepare students to be team-players in real-life situations, for example in workplaces or in voluntary organisations.
In conclusion, I consider that selection in schools is the start of a process of selecting most students to fail, while a minority unfairly benefit and are rewarded later in life.
Written by NgocBach
Vocabulary from education:
- streaming in schools
Meaning:the policy of dividing pupils into groups of the same level of abilit
Example: One disadvantage of streaming in schools is that children in the lower groups have less motivation to study because they think of themselves as failures.
- to tailor teaching styles/ strategies
Meaning: to make or prepare teaching styles following particular instruction
Example: When faced with classes of students with different levels of ability, teachers should tailor their teaching strategies to deal with this challenge.
- to cover a lot of ground
Meaning: to deal with much information and many facts.
Example: The history lecture covered a lot of ground today.
- to be out of one’s depth
Meaning: to be unable to understand something because it is too difficul
Example: Streaming in schools enables pupils to study at the level which is appropriate for them, and therefore students rarely find themselves out of their depth.
- to disrupt lessons
Meaning: to make it difficult to conduct the lesson in the normal way
Example: If strict discipline is not imposed on pupils who disrupt lessons, then the education of all the children in the school will suffer.
- to fall behind with your studies
Meaning: to improve more slowly in studying than other people so that you fail to learn the course material at the necessary speed
Example: Irregular attendance at classes is one of reasons why some students fall behind with their studies.
- to impose discipline
Meaning: to make students obey the rules of the school or college
Example: If teachers fail to impose discipline in class, then students will not learn anything.
- a high-flier
Meaning: someone who has the desire and ability to be very successful in their studies
Example: The problem with our teacher is that she explains things too quickly for most of the students and she pays most attention only to the academic high-fliers in the class.
Vocabulary from society:
- an egalitarian society
Meaning: a society in which everyone has the same rights and opportunities
Example: I believe that crime would be reduced if we lived in a more egalitarian society.
- to discriminate (on the grounds of something)
Meaning: to treat one person or group worse/better than another in an unfair way
Example: It is illegal to discriminate on the grounds of race, sex or religion.
Vocabulary from communication and personality:
- to be a team player
Meaning: a person who willingly cooperates with others
Example: Employees who are good team players are more likely to be selected for promotion.
- to match [verb]:
Meaning: to find somebody/something that goes together with or is similar to another person or thing
Example: Mary’s essays usually match the level of skills required for band 8 in the exam.
- to concur [verb]:
Meaning: to agree
Example: The Video Assistant Referee concurred with the decision of the referee to give a penalty.
- an elite [noun]:
Meaning: a small group of people in a society who are rich and powerful
Example: The hotel is very expensive and only a rich elite can afford to stay there.
- to brand [verb]:
Meaning: to unfairly describe somebody or something as bad or unpleasant
Example: The President was branded as a dishonest leader after he lied to the newspapers about the economic situation.