Lời giải ĐỀ THI 04/03/2021

Lời giải Task 1:


The diagrams illustrate the layout of a student accommodation block in 2010 and the present.

Overall, there are more study bedrooms now compared with 2010, and provision for parking is now available.

In 2010, there were only three study bedrooms.  In the present plan, one study bedroom has replaced the living room in the 2010 diagram, and another study bedroom has been built next to it.  This is shown on the top left corner of the plan.  In addition, an en-suite bathroom has now been added to the study bedroom to the right of the hall, reducing the size of the hall.

There were two garden areas in 2010, but one of these is now a parking area at the side of the hall.  One garden remains, however, at the other side of the block.  Although there is no longer a living room, in the present plan the kitchen is larger than in 2010 and now includes a social area for students.  There are no changes to the entrance.

169 words

Written by NgocBach

Lời giải Task 2:


It is true that many countries rely on food imports from all over the world.  While the volume of such imports has increased over recent years, in my view this is a trend which has more disadvantages than advantages.

On the one hand, there are positive aspects of importing food.  Some countries need to import food in order to feed their population.  Their land may be poor for growing crops, with deserts or mountainous regions in which natural resources are soon depleted.  Climate may be another factor which drives countries to import food, in the case of prolonged droughts or excessive cold.  Other countries, however, simply import food in order to satisfy the tastes of consumers.  It is, for example, pleasant to eat tropical fruits or rice during a European winter, even though such food has to be imported from countries which are thousands of miles away.

On the other hand, considering the ecological crisis facing the world today, the arguments against large-scale imports of food are overwhelmingFirstly, in order to reduce their carbon footprint and reduce reliance on fossil fuels, countries must seek to limit the number of food miles required to provide their people with a healthier diet.  Dependence on freight services to transport food all over the world simply increases global warmingSecondly,  food which has to be imported is not fresh.  It is often treated with chemical preservatives or is genetically modified in order to extend its shelf life.  This is damaging in terms of both health and the environment.

In conclusion,  in my opinion the trend towards the import of large amounts of food is, despite its advantages, a negative trend which is contributing to environmental degradation.

283 words

Written by NgocBach

Ghi chú

Vocabulary from the environment:

  • to deplete natural resources
    Meaning: To reduce the amount of natural resources.
    Example: Timber companies must not be allowed to deplete natural resources by cutting down trees without planting new trees to replace them.
  • an ecological crisis
    Meaning: a serious situation that occurs when the environment of a species or a population changes in a way that destabilizes its continued survival
    Example: Environmental degradation caused by human activity is provoking an ecological crisis which threatens our existence.
  • an ecological crisis

Meaning: a serious situation that occurs when the environment of a species or a     population changes in a way that destabilizes its continued survival

Example: Environmental degradation caused by human activity is provoking an ecological crisis which threatens our existence.

  • to reduce the dependence/reliance on fossil fuels

            Meaning: to decrease people’s consumption of fossil fuels, like oil, coal or gas.

  Example: Governments must invest heavily in solar and wind energy projects in order to reduce our  dependence/reliance on fossil fuels.

  • food miles

           Meaning: Distance food has to travel between where it is grown or made and where it is consumed

 Example: We can all reduce our carbon footprint by flying less, and reduce our food miles by buying local produce.

  • global warming

Meaning:  the process by which the Earth is getting hotter, as a result of the greenhouse effect – in particular the increase in carbon dioxide in the air.

Example: Perhaps the major environmental challenge which faces humanity today is global warming, because it threatens our survival.

  • environmental degradation

            Meaning: the process or fact of the environment becoming worse

  Example: Africa is a continent in which environmental degradation is evident    in the spread of deserts and the extinction of animal species.


Vocabulary from health:

  • to provide somebody with a healthier diet

Meaning: to give somebody a diet which is more healthy than that which they have at present            Example: Eating only fresh fruit and vegetables provides people with a healthier diet

  • a chemical preservative

Meaning: a substance used to prevent food from deteriorating

 Example: The juice contains no artificial/chemical preservatives, so drink it within the next two or three days.

  • genetically modified (GM) food
    Meaning: food made from plants that have been genetically changed, in order to produce more or in order to protect them from diseases/pests
    Example: There is growing public concern over the environmental consequences of producing genetically modified food.
  • shelf life
    Meaning: the length of time that food can be kept, before it is too old to be sold
    Example: Supermarkets throw away a lot of food, simply because its shelf life has expired and it is no longer fit for sale.

Vocabulary from transport:

  • freight services
    Meaning: the system of transporting goods
    Example: Railways must provide more freight services in order to reduce the number of trucks on the roads.

Other vocabulary:

  • mountainous [adjective]:
    Meaning:  having many mountains
    Example:  Scotland is the most mountainous country of the UK.
  • to drive [verb]:
    Meaning:  to influence something to make it go in a particular direction
    Example:  Our destruction of forests is driving humanity to extinction.
  • prolonged [adjective]:
    Meaning:  continuing for a long time
    Example:  After a prolonged silence, somebody in the audience finally spoke.
  • overwhelming [adjective]:
    Meaning:  extremely great or extremely strong
    Example:  After walking all day in the hot sun, he felt an overwhelming need to drink something cold and refreshing.